Maritime and Aviation


Our firm advises Shipping Companies, Shipyards, Suppliers, Ship Breakers and Cash Buyers, Foreign-Investment Enterprises and Banking Institutions on Complex and high-end International Maritime Transactions.

Specific Areas of Expertise in Maritime Law:

Arrests or Release of ship in India, Agency/freight forwarding matters and Arrest of Release of vessel outside Mumbai, CIF and FOB contracts

Maritime Litigation, Maritime Arbitration

Bunker disputes, Commodity disputes, Lay-time and demurrage disputes, disputes related Liner operations, Marine insurance related disputes, Ownership disputes, Purchase and sale of vessels and other maritime assets, Maritime lien disputes, Ship mortgage disputes

Claims of various types:Hire and off-hire claims, Claims by the owner, consignee, or assignee of any bill of lading) Claim for damage done by any ship, Claim for damage received by any ship, Claim for necessaries supplied to any ship, Claim for the building, equipping, Claim for repairing of any ship, Claim for the possession or ownership of a ship Claim in respect of any registered mortgage, Claim in the nature of salvage services, Claim in the nature of towage, Claims Relating to Cargo, Cargo claims, Claim and cause of action of any mortgage Claim by a master in respect of disbursements Claims relating to the Supplies, repairs etc...Unpaid dues, Unsafe port or berth claims, Claim by a master or crew for wages, etc.

Contracts of Affreightment

Construction of ships, rigs and port facilities Demise, time, and space charter agreements Financing, mortgaging, and registration of ships

Freezing injunctions/ ship arrest or release General average

Incorporation of offshore companies Management of offshore companies International and domestic joint ventures

P&I settlement

Performance warranties

Port regulations

Sale and purchase of second-hand tonnage Setting up business in India

Foreign Investments in India


Trade finance and documentary credits

Ship sale or purchase documentation,

Ship inspection, registration, and flagging and financing for lenders, borrowers and for charterers, Ship management agreements, Ship repair litigation

Sale And Purchase of Second-Hand Tonnage Ship Finance & Mortgaging Registration of Ships,

Construction of Ships, Rigs and Port Facilities International Joint Ventures

Foreign Investments in India Incorporating Subsidiary Companies


The aviation and air travel sector has a unique set of challenges. Our Aviation Law professionals have extensive experience managing these challenges. We assist with the acquisition, disposition, leasing and financing of aircraft (both fixed wing and helicopters), aviation equipment, flight simulators and related assets, and advise on travel agency related issues and assistance in airport related matters. We are skilled in handling aviation regulatory and governmental compliance matters and provide optimal solutions to our clients in navigating the labyrinth of Indian aviation laws, regulations and governmental policies.

We also do extensive aviation insurance claims work, defending air carriers against passenger injury and wrongful death claims and cargo / baggage loss or damage claims arising on both domestic or international flights. Our aviation law professionals include internationally recognized senior practitioners with a broad spectrum of experience and practice areas covering all aspects of aviation law, including international and bilateral air treaties and conventions and airline operational issues.

Specific Areas of Expertise in Aviation Law

Acting for clients in connection with aircraft and helicopters (commercial and executive), engines, parts and components sales and operating lease and financing lease transactions and tax related structures on a domestic, cross-border and international basis;

General airline commercial transactions, including marketing and commercial agreements, aircraft maintenance related agreements, code share and block space agreements and contracts for fuel supply, catering, ground handling and other day-to-day air carrier matters;

Registration and deregistration of aircraft, engines and parts under appropriate Indian or provincial legislation, issues with respect to licensing and certification in India and under the applicable Convention;

Advising foreign air carriers with respect to aircraft wet leasing arrangements;

Advising foreign air carriers with respect to foreign ownership rules affecting holdings in air carriers;

Fractional aircraft ownership expertise;

Airline restructuring, insolvency and bankruptcy related matters, including acting for numerous aircraft lessors and financial institutions in respect of the insolvencies of certain carriers and travel agencies;

General aviation and claims-related litigation and representation on insured and non-insured claims, aviation insurance coverage issues, including acting as counsel in IATA group litigation matters;

Airport issues and including airport infrastructure development and issues concerning gates and slots;

Aviation regulatory issues in regard to dealings with Transport Indian, the Indian Transportation Agency and other relevant governmental departments and agencies;

Labour relations, human rights and employment law advice with particular experience in the aviation industry;

Acting for air carriers in a variety of contractual negotiations and disputes relating to the provision of charter services, tour operations, and ground and maintenance services;

Tax advice about aircraft sales, leases and financing transactions and other general matters both domestically and on an international transactional basis;

Sales and purchases of air carriers;

Representation of international carriers serving on scheduled or charter bases;

Counsel to Indian government with respect to refinancing of major Indian air carrier;

Dealing with type certification issues concerning aircraft;

Advising air carriers in connection with air passenger rights initiatives in India;

Advice on bilateral air agreements and liability issues under international air law conventions and treaties.